Trucks, Buses & Special Vehicles
Trucks (or Lorries) are specialized motor vehicles designed to transport cargo. These vehicles vary greatly in size, power, and configuration. The smaller varieties may be visually similar to some automobiles. Commercial trucks can be very large and powerful, and may be built to mount specialized equipment, such as in the case of fire trucks, concrete mixers and suction excavators. Modern trucks are largely powered by diesel engines, although small to medium size trucks with gasoline engines exist.
Originally known as omnibus, multibus, motorbus or autobus, a bus is a road vehicle built to carry several passengers. The first mechanically propelled omnibus appeared on the streets of London on 22 April 1833. Regular intercity bus services by steam-powered buses were pioneered in England in the 1830s by Walter Hancock and by associates of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single-decker rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are used for longer-distance services.
A special vehicle is a category to place vehicles designed and manufactured specifically for a certain purpose such as armored vehicles or forklifts.